5 Vegetables That Grow Quickly In Pots

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Ah, spring, the time that signifies warm weather, no more snow, and the start of gardening.

So now it’s time to start your tomatoes and peppers before your last frost date! You get your seeds, tenderly plant them in potting soil, and carefully water them until they sprout! And now all that’s left is to wait for them to mature!

For up to 120 days.

Gardening takes time and quite an amount of patience, but growing long-term plants can wear it thin. It can be plain agony to know that you might have to wait for up to 4 months to enjoy the fruits of your labor.

Thankfully, these vegetables shoot up and mature in 8 weeks or less! Some in as early as 4 weeks! I’ll tell you all about these 5 vegetables that grow quickly in pots and how to grow them!

tomato seedlings near windowsill

Factors of Vegetables That Grow Quickly

While these vegetables grow faster than lighting, there are still factors that’ll limit how quickly they’ll mature. For example, a cool-season plant won’t thrive in balmy summer as much as it would in the nippy winter.

Different vegetable varieties grow at different rates as well. A Mini variety, like baby carrot, will be mature and ready to eat weeks before full-sized varieties.

And as always, no matter what, a plant will always thrive best when it gets the right amount of nutrients, water, and sunshine. A plant won’t grow as well in poor soil as it would in nutrient-rich potting soil, regardless of how many days to maturity it has on the seed packet. So vegetables that grow quickly can take twice as long to mature as their intended seed packet.

Buying plants can also be a great way to shave off weeks of growing time and grow your food even faster. It can help you skip the whole seed starting process altogether and help you focus on getting your plants harvest-ready.

Now with that out of the way, let discuss these 5 vegetables, shall we?

Arugula leaves, rucola

1. Arugula

Arugula is the perfect leafy green to add a peppery kick to your spring salads! Arugula thrives in cool seasons, so start the seeds when it’s still a little bit chilly in the spring or late summer when temperatures are cooling. If it’s the middle of summer, grow them in a shady place to prevent bolting.

Bolting is when a vegetable flowers prematurely before its ready for harvest. The results are inedible, bitter leaves that can ruin a plant’s flavor. You can learn about more gardening definitions by snagging my free gardening dictionary!

Plant seeds 3-4 inches apart and expect to harvest young leaves as early as 4 weeks and mature leaves in 6-8 weeks. If you want a more mild flavor, harvest younger leaves.

bush bean pods on vine

2. Bush Beans

Bush beans are the perfect warm-season plant that produces for weeks on end! Bush beans are compact and the ideal companion plant by adding nitrogen to the soil. And they only take 8 weeks to mature!

Plant these beans two inches apart every 2 weeks until 2 months before your first frost date to enjoy beans all summer!

Fresh bok choy on gray stone background

3. Bok Choy

Bok Choy is a culinary favorite used in stir-fries and stews to add a nice crunch to a meal. It’s also a superfood rich in vitamins A, C, K, and a wide range of other essential nutrients.

Grow baby varieties of Bok Choy like ‘Baby Milk Bok Choy’ to enjoy in bite-size in 6 weeks! They’re half the size of regular bok choy, a bit sweeter, and just as nutrient-dense!

Bok Choy bolts in warm temperatures, so make sure to start your seeds when it’s cooler. If you want to enjoy the sweetness of Bok Choy during the summer, grow them in the shade to prevent bolting. Thin plants to be 6-8 inches apart. You can cook thinned plants for a tiny snack and a sneak peek of what’s to come!

lettuce in ground tilting towards the sun

4. Lettuce

Lettuce. The Salad Staple. The Leafy One That You Can Always Lean On. No vegetable can replace it!

Lettuce is the perfect container plant that comes in a multitude of varieties! My favorite is ‘Spotted Trout’. It is a lettuce variety on the verge of extinction, so it’s nice to know that I’m helping to prevent the end of a beautiful and tasty green. Here’s how you can help encourage biodiversity in the world!

Grow lettuce 6-8 inches apart [depending on variety] every 2 weeks to have a continuous harvest all season long! Young leaves are available for harvest in as early as 3 weeks, and mature in 6-8 weeks. However, looseleaf and butterhead lettuce leaves can be harvested at around any point of their development. Try to grow in cooler seasons to have a better harvest!

3 pink radishes against teal wood background

5. Radish

Radishes are one of the quickest growing plants there are! They are the perfect bite-sized snack with a bit of a kick!

Now don’t make the same gardening mistake that I made yesterday and start indoors with virtually no spacing. Since radishes grow so fast, there’s no need to transfer them anywhere.

Plant your seeds 1 inch apart and thin to 2 inches apart when they emerge. They will be ready to harvest around 3-4 weeks after sowing or when the radishes are 1 inch in diameter [varies with variety]. Don’t procrastinate on harvesting your radishes, or they will become old and tough. We want to grow radishes, not spicy rocks.

So What Now?

And there you have it! 5 vegetables that grow quickly that don’t take an eternity to mature! In my area, it’s only going to be radish season for another few weeks before it warms up, so I’m on a bit of a time crunch.

I recommend you start your season right by purchasing seeds or buying plants! I recommend buying from Pinetree Garden Seeds and Hudson Valley Seeds. I had a great experience growing from both of them, and I’m sure that you will enjoy the experience as well!

To learn about fascinating plants to grow, subscribe to my “Plant of the Month” newsletter! You will get my gardening dictionary as a freebie! If you don’t get an email from The Blossoming Gardener, please check your spam and whitelist The Blossoming Gardener.

If you thought that this article made gardening less complicated, share this with fellow gardeners! You can also learn from my mistakes and follow me as I start seeds indoors for the first time by following my Instagram!

Happy Gardening! Till we meet again.

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